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Posted on Sep 23, 2012 in Ear mites | 0 comments

Ear Mites in Dogs and Cats: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Natural Treatments for Pets with Ear Mites

The ear consists of three parts:

1. The outer part consists of the pinna and the ear canal. The most external part of the ear canal is vertical; the inner part of the ear canal is running horizontally

2. The middle section is made up of the tympanic membrane, a hollow space and the ear canal, which is in communication with the nose and throat.
3. The inner part consists of hearing and balance organs which in the skull.

The outer ear infection is most common in dogs and cats. In dogs, this condition is most common in hand Poodles and Terriers because of its strong growth in the ear canal and also in dogs with drooping ears such as spaniels.

Causes

The causes of this ear are numerous and include everything irritation conceived in the ear such as allergies, strong wax formation, bacterial infections, fungal infections, parasites such as ticks or mites, injuries, foreign bodies, bad wax drainage and even infections in other parts of the body through the bloodstream into the ear. If you suspect that the culprit is mites, then buy Natural Ear Drops for pets made by Ovante, treat your animal immediately and seek a vets advice. You must act immediately, because ear mites may result in the animals passing.

Symptoms

The outer ear infections can be acute or chronic. The inside of the ear which is normally dry and light pink in colour, could be a wet, swollen and red. Crusts and brownish or pus-like content, usually accompanied by a bad odour, can be observed.

Depending on the duration of the infection, the ear becomes thickened and hardened and in very chronic cases, meat growths occur. If the external ear problems are caused by ear mites then the owner often sees a black / brown wax in the ear canal. If you have some of this brown / black material, then looking under a strong magnifying glass will enable you to see the mites as tiny white specks moving in this earwax. Other parasites such as ticks can be seen with the naked eye. Inflammation of the external ear is painful and itchy. The dog and cat are just prone to ear scratching and head shaking until it is raw and bloody in appearance.

Diagnosis

In many cases of external ear infection is the cause of the condition quite easy to detect. For a more extensive study, the vet uses an otoscope (an instrument for examining ears). In those cases where the dog or cat puts up a strong resistance, it will be given a sedative. In some cases, with the aid of a microscope, it should be investigated as to whether there is a fungal infection or a mite condition. With persistent bacterial infections, a wax smear to be sent to a laboratory to determine which bacteria is causing the inflammation and what medicine is to be administered.

Treatment

The ear will need to be thoroughly cleaned after it has been administered its drugs in the form of ointment or liquid that should be massaged into the ear. In severe cases, it may be necessary to administer antibiotics by mouth or by injection. If the animal is violently scratching the ear, it is wise to have a collar around the neck to prevent further injury. In some cases where the wax is deep in the ear, a plug is present; the ear will have to be rinsed frequently with medication. Since this treatment is quite painful for the animal, it should be done under slight anaesthesia. The latter is important to prevent unexpected movements, which may cause damage to the eardrum.

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